Edorium Journal of

Gastrointestinal Surgery

 
   
Review Article
 
Pilonidal sinus of the umbilicus: Presentation and management
Abdulwahid M. Salih1, Fahmi H. Kakamad2,3, Rawand A. Essa3,4, Shvan H. Mohammed3,5, Rawezh Q. Salih3,5, Snur Othman3, Zuhair D. Hammood4, Yadgar A. Saeed4
1Faculty of Medical Sciences, School of Medicine, Department Surgery, University of Sulaimani, François Mitterrand Street, Sulaimani, Kurdistan Region, Iraq
2Faculty of Medical Sciences, School of Medicine, Department Cardiothoracic and Vascular Surgery, University of Sulaimani, François Mitterrand Street, Sulaimani, Kurdistan Region, Iraq
3Bioscience Center, Hamdi street, Azadi Building, Sulaimani, Kurdistan region, Iraq
4Sulaimani Teaching Hospital, Sulaimani, Kurdistan region, Iraq
5University of Sulaimani, Faculty of Science and Science Education, School of science, Biology Department, Raperin Street, Sulaimani, Kurdistan region, Iraq

Article ID: 100004G02AS2017
doi:10.5348/G02-2017-5-RA-1

Address correspondence to:
Fahmi H. Kakamad
Faculty of Medical Sciences, School of Medicine
Department Surgery, University of Sulaimani
François Mitterrand Street, Sulaimani, Kurdistan Region
Iraq

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How to cite this article:
Salih AM, Kakamad FH, Essa RA, Mohammed SH, Salih RQ, Othman S, Hammood ZD, Saeed YA. Pilonidal sinus of the umbilicus: Presentation and management. Edorium J Gastrointest Surg 2017;4:1–4.


Abstract
Introduction: Pilonidal sinus disease is seen most commonly in the sacrococcygeal area. Umbilical pilonidal sinus is a rare form of the condition with few studies about its clinical course and management. The current review is to highlight the presentation and management of umbilical pilonidal sinus. Literature review revealed 25 papers which contained 385 patients complaining from umbilical pilonidal sinus. Chronic discharging sinus and pain were the two most common presenting symptoms. Both conservative and surgical management were effective methods of therapy.

Keywords: Chronic discharging sinus, Pilonidal sinus, Umbilicus


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Author Contributions
Abdulwahid M. Salih – Substantial contributions to conception and design, Drafting the article, Revising it critically for important intellectual content, Final approval of the version to be published
Fahmi H. Kakamad – Substantial contributions to conception and design, Drafting the article, Revising it critically for important intellectual content, Final approval of the version to be published
Rawand A. Essa – Substantial contributions to conception and design, Drafting the article, Final approval of the version to be published
Shvan H. Mohammed – Analysis and interpretation of data, Revising it critically for important intellectual content, Final approval of the version to be published
Rawezh Q. Salih – Acquisition of data, Revising it critically for important intellectual content, Final approval of the version to be published
Snur Othman – Substantial contributions to conception and design, Drafting the article, Final approval of the version to be published
Zuhair D. Hammood – Substantial contributions to conception and design, Drafting the article, Final approval of the version to be published
Yadgar A. Saeed – Substantial contributions to conception and design, Drafting the article, Final approval of the version to be published
Guarantor of submission
The corresponding author is the guarantor of submission.
Source of support
None
Conflict of interest
Authors declare no conflict of interest.
Copyright
© 2017 Abdulwahid M. Salih et al. This article is distributed under the terms of Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution and reproduction in any medium provided the original author(s) and original publisher are properly credited. Please see the copyright policy on the journal website for more information.



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